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Environmentalists: A Decade Of Restrictions On Plastic Waste Will Require Lessons From The European Union

Zhangjiagang Sansu Machine Co.,Ltd | Updated: Jun 01, 2018

The implementation of the "plastic limit order" for ten years has not achieved the expected resultsThe proposal is the most compelling content preparation within Europe, disabled or limitation of 11 kinds of plastic products, including 10 classes are disposable plastic products, including cotton swabs, tableware, balloons, beverage cups, bottles, boxes, cigarette filter, plastic bags, snacks, wet paper towels and women defender of the wrap, the remaining one kind is plastic fishing gear.In the face of the global plastic pollution crisis, the eu is changing from a "loud voice" to a "strong action".At the same time, China will usher in the tenth anniversary of the implementation of the "plastic limit order". Although the policy for plastic shopping bags a problem only products, but in the eleven years ago (release date is the end of 2007) first appeared, but show prospective in the field of plastic garbage pollution control in China. Go back, back in 2001, as a typical example of "white pollution" of the foam boxes are banned in the country for the first time the production and use, and on the plastic garbage pollution control in China has been a ambition, do something.However, at present, the implementation of the "plastic limit order" has not been followed up enough to lead to the decline in actual effect. Compared with the eu's action, China's measures to prevent and control plastic waste pollution are a bit of a pity.But it is not too late to act. In fact, in January, the national development and reform commission asked the whole society for policy advice on the prevention and control of plastic waste pollution on its official website, marking the start of work in this regard. And, the national development and reform commission on soliciting advice at the same time, explicitly proposed the "disable (limit) of a batch of, instead of a batch of, a group of" general idea of governance, and the core content of the European Union directive has the same effect, suggests that governments around the world in dealing with the plastic on the basic principles and methods of the environmental problems, are highly consensus.The eu's plastic limit law is worth learning fromAlthough the NDRC did not make notes new policy time, however, is more important than schedule or policy substance that can really for "real" plastic pollution, especially those who are most likely to lead to environmental pollution and difficult to recycling plastic products "real". In this regard, there are three aspects of the new eu legislation proposal that deserve our reference.First, the list of banned and restricted use is necessary, but it should be based on a relatively solid investigation basis. The 11 class products listed in the proposed eu law, according to the European commission survey data, 70% of Marine plastic garbage, effective control of the products and garbage, if can significantly reduce the plastic pollution of the environment.In our country, in the process of policy making, should absorb the experience and reference for environmental (not only is the ocean, but also includes land) in the common types of plastic, frequency and harm degree, also want to consider some other important factors, such as recycling industry processing technology and ability, as well as the cognitive attitude of consumers.Second, strengthen producer responsibility. The eu's proposed legislation, as always, would insist on extending producer responsibility, requiring producers to take economic responsibility for waste management and pollution control by banning or restricting plastic products. The logic behind is not to aggravate the burden, but the reverse incentive enterprises in the link of product design, supply chain management and reuse, positive change, finally through the plastic garbage reduction, achieve the result that need not or less pay for pollution, thereby maximizing self-interest and public welfare at the same time. At present, the plastic products incorporated into China's extended producer responsibility system only cover the plastic components in automobile, electronic products and paper-based composite packaging.Third, mandatory labeling of plastic ingredients and waste disposal information. This is the European Union directive proposals using a special management measures, the purpose is to let the public know thought is plastic products actually contain plastic components and potentially harmful to the environment, which influence the propensity to buy.In our country, consumer perception of some actual contain plastic products aren't fully, as wet paper towels, tea bags, "green" shopping bag, "paper" women's sanitary napkin, baby diapers, some "biodegradable" shopping bag, its quite composition is made of plastic or plastic fiber is also after the waste plastic garbage. The new policy should require producers to fulfill the obligation of information disclosure on the premise of clearly limiting their consumption or waste amount, and ultimately promote the "green choice" of consumers.There is no doubt that the "plastic restriction" is a policy that we must carry out for a long time. Under the new situation, the "plastic restriction order" should also keep pace with The Times, actively absorb the experience and lessons of Europe and other places, improve the stickiness of policies, and finally achieve the goal of "white restriction".