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Retreat Into The Park Can Break Chemical Siege

Zhangjiagang Sansu Machine Co.,Ltd | Updated: Dec 28, 2018

"We know the government's intentions and policies are good, but it's really hard for us to bear the cost side of the pressure." Sucking smoke, Lao wang was helpless. Workers at the small chlor-alkali chemical plant he runs have recently been deeply affected by a local policy in shandong province to "retreat from the city and enter the park".



Inspection group, inspection group down a few times, the factory also stopped several times, Lao wang finally moved the idea of closing the factory. In the past few years, with the help of China's rapid economic growth, Lao wang and his chlor-alkali chemical (600618, guoba) plant have really enjoyed a few good years. However, as environmental protection has become an important indicator of social recognition and government performance appraisal, Lao wang has been struggling with the pressure and increasing environmental inspection.



"In terms of technology and product quality, my small factory can't compete with those big factories for sure. I make money by investing less in environmental protection, which is the price difference. Nowadays, it is more and more difficult to make money." Lao wang felt that his glory days had passed. When he heard about the policy of telling him to close his small factory and build new plants in a new chemical industrial park, Mr. Wang, a veteran worker, decided to close his small factory in the outskirts of zibo.



"In a period of time, 'trading the environment for benefits' was not uncommon, but now people and the government have changed their minds so much that the old logic no longer applies." Pangu think tank senior researcher wu qi told China business news reporters.



Lao wang's situation is not unique. As a big industrial province, shandong's policy of "withdrawing cities and entering parks" is being implemented in many cities in the province. According to statistics, 155 chemical industrial parks will be reserved and 44 will be canceled. It has been clearly required that chemical enterprises in key sensitive areas should "enter the zone and enter the park" before the end of 2018, that hazardous chemical enterprises must enter special chemical parks, and that newly-built chemical enterprises must "enter the zone and enter the park".



At the beginning of 2018, shandong provincial government issued the administrative measures for the identification and management of professional chemical industrial parks in shandong province, which clearly stipulates that professional chemical industrial parks should be far away from the main urban area of the city where they are located and not in the dominant wind direction of the main urban area. With centralized and unified sewage treatment facilities, the safe disposal rate of hazardous waste reaches 100%, and a centralized safety, monitoring and monitoring system.



In march, wang shujian, vice governor of shandong province, said he would try to reduce the number of chemical parks to less than 100 and close another 20 percent of chemical companies on top of the existing ones. According to statistics, shandong province has 199 chemical industrial parks and 7,595 chemical production enterprises, which means that 50% of the chemical industrial parks will be cut and more than 1,500 enterprises will be closed.



The chemical and



As an important source of GDP and fiscal revenue, chemical industry, with high output value and high tax revenue, has always been a hot spot for competition from various regions.



At present, most of China's chemical enterprises are built on water, along the river, along the river zone, a variety of chemical projects dotted. But in recent years, safety accidents and pollution incidents have occurred frequently, forcing chemical parks to reconsider how to live in harmony with cities.



In fact, construction began in the early 1990s and accelerated significantly after 2000. By 2018, according to the state department of natural resources, the ministry released the catalog of state-level development zone four range announcement (2018) announcement, such as petrochemical, coal chemical industry, salt chemical industry as the leading industry of national economic and technological development zone, 47, national high-tech industrial development zone 21, 1 areas under special customs supervision.



Correspondingly, five chemical industry clusters have been formed in China: one is the pearl river delta chemical industry zone with guangzhou and shenzhen as the center; Second, tianjin, liaoning, shandong and other chemical areas around the bohai sea as the center; The third is the Yangtze river delta petrochemical zone with Shanghai, nanjing and suzhou as the center. Fourth, natural gas and chemical industry zones with sichuan and chongqing as the center; Fifth, shanxi, shaanxi, Inner Mongolia as the center of the coal-chemical work area.



Dalian is a sample of China's "petrochemical siege". From the south to the north, dalian has planned and built petrochemical bases such as laoganjingzi, shuangdao bay, dagushan, songmu island, xizhong island, changxing island and other industrial parks related to the chemical industry chain before and after dalian. Heavy chemical projects, like chessmen, are densely scattered along the coastline of this coastal city nearly 100 kilometers, forming an encircling trend to the urban area.



Nanjing is a typical petrochemical industrial town in the Yangtze river area. More than 100 chemical and iron and steel enterprises are densely distributed in meishan, the coastal area from the second bridge to the third bridge of the Yangtze river, jinling petrochemical industry and its surrounding areas, and dachang area, almost forming an "encircling circle" around the main city of nanjing. Nanjing is surrounded by mountains on three sides and water on one side. The main urban area is located downwind of the main industrial concentration area.



As the largest port city in north China, chemical industry has been one of the pillar industries in tianjin. As early as 2011, tianjin binhai new area has become one of the largest integrated refining and petrochemical bases in China, as well as the largest refining and deep processing base in north China. Before the "August 12" explosion of tianjin port (600717) in 2015, according to the data on the website of tianjin binhai new area government, the output value of petrochemical industry in 2015 reached 450 billion yuan, accounting for about 19% of the new area's industry. It is planned that the output value will reach 1.2 trillion yuan by 2020, accounting for about 29% of the new industrial area.